International ConflictThe Global EconomyInternational DevelopmentForeign Policy

Haitian Migrant Crisis

Posted on in International Conflict · The Global Economy · International Development · Foreign Policy

Thousands of Haitians in the last several weeks have risked their lives for the chance at a better life by attempting to enter the U.S. and Mexico.

The reasons why the Haitian migrants have made the perilous journey include a desire to escape the turmoil and instability that has gripped their impoverished Caribbean country. The catalyst for the Haitian exodus deal primarily with a series of natural disasters, political unrest, and lack of economic opportunities. The resulting impact of Haitians’ desire to live in America has created a humanitarian crisis along the U.S./Mexico border.

Why are Haitians attempting to enter the U.S.?

INSTRUCTORS: click the link below to download this week’s lecture for use in your classroom. The deck contains a writing prompt and a debate question as well as other assessment questions.

Videos:

News Articles:

Why are so many Haitians at the US-Mexico border?

BBC News

September 24, 2021 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-58667669

Why America keeps turning its back on Haitian migrants

Vox

September 24, 2021 https://www.vox.com/22689472/haitian-migrants-asylum-history-violence

After a perilous journey north, Haitian migrants face uncertain future

FINANCIAL TIMES

September 26, 2021 https://www.ft.com/content/434b79cc-f1e5-4125-b58e-4ee92d7af658

Haiti facing stalled elections, kidnapping surge, rampant insecurity

UN News

October 4, 2021 https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/10/1102062

News Articles (Analysis):

Why Are Haitian Migrants Gathering at the U.S. Border?

Council on Foreign Relations

October 1, 2021 https://www.cfr.org/in-brief/why-are-haitian-migrants-gathering-us-border

Texas sheriff bracing for new surge of migrants: ‘We’re at the point where we just throw our hands up’

FOX NEWS

October 7, 2021 https://www.foxnews.com/media/texas-sheriff-migrant-crisis-fed-up-surges-border-patrol

Deportations making Haiti crisis worse, says former US envoy

AL JAZEERA

October 7, 2021 https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/10/7/deportations-making-haiti-crisis-worse-says-former-us-envoy

Forced migration will only get worse — the US needs a long-term strategy

THE HILL

October 6, 2021 https://thehill.com/opinion/immigration/575606-forced-migration-will-only-get-worse-the-us-needs-a-long-term-strategy

Assessment:

Writing: Why is Haiti unstable?  

Debate: Should the U.S. and international community provide more assistance to Haiti?  

Poll: How should the U.S. deal with the Haitian migrants along its border?  

Short Answer: What can the U.S. do to reduce the number of migrants coming from Haiti?

Quiz:

The journey form South America to the U.S. is relatively safe. (T/F)

600,000 Haitians are currently on their way to America.  (T/F)

Haiti is regarded as one of the poorest countries in the world. (T/F)

What event helped cause a constitutional crises in Haiti earlier this year?

a. The assassination of the President.

b. Widespread voter fraud.

c. The default on international loans.

d. A military coup.

Which of the following would allow for a greater number of Haitian migrants to legally stay in the U.S? a.Presidential Treaty. b.The elimination of the border wall. c.Congressional legislation. d.The implementation of Title 42.

The catalyst for the Haitian exodus deal primarily with all the following EXCEPT.

a. Natural disasters.

b. Covid-19.

c. Political unrest.

d. Lack of economic opportunities.

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